Federico Garcia Lorca
Federico Garcia Lorca was born on 5th June 1898, and died on 19 August 1936, shot by Franco’s soldiers, in the midst of the Spanish Civil War. He was not only a poet, but also an acclaimed theatre director and playwright who achieved international recognition for being a member of Generation’ 27. This was a loose group, mostly poets, who introduced the ideas of European movements, such as Surrealsm, Futurism and Symbolism, into Spanish literature.
Garcia Lorca had a middle class upbringing, growing up in a small town outside Granada in a comfortable mansion. He took up Law at university, but soon gave it up after publishing his first book Impresiones y Viajes, in 1919. From there, he moved to Madrid, where he wrote plays, made performances, and wrote poetry. His interest in flamenco and gypsy culture translated into his poems, and during this period he met Salavador Dali, who introduced him to Surrealism.
Lorca’s poetry collection Romancero Gitano (the Gypsy Ballads), 1928 was particularly daring, dealing with themes of sexuality, and brought Lorca far-reaching fame.